How do I get rid of spider veins?
Do you have spider veins on your legs? And you’ve been searching for ways to get rid of them? You’ve probably already come across numerous internet suggestions but none has been able to give you the perfect remedy for spider veins. Lucky for you, our expert dermatologist is here with the perfect solution for you.
Spider veins are common conditions where the blood vessels under the skin appear as blue, red, or sometimes as purple webs, clusters of thin, or squiggly lines. They can be regarded as a common by-product of the aging process, but they are not restricted only to the senior set. Spider veins can appear during any season of life, on your legs or face, causing a cosmetic embarrassment. If you’re fed up with your spider veins then it’s time to get rid of them. Getting rid of spider veins will help boost your confidence, reveal clearer skin, and make you feel younger once again.
What are Spider Veins?
Spider veins are one of the common types of visible veins. They are very small superficial veins that are located in the outer layer of the skin, between the dermis and epidermis. Spider veins usually appear on the surface of the legs of the face. Most people often refer to them as thread veins.
Varicose veins which are another common type of visible vein usually occur together with spider veins because they are both caused by similar blood flow situations. Hence, people suffering from varicose veins almost always have spider veins too. However, people suffering from spider veins may not have varicose. If you’re suffering from spider veins or both spider veins and varicose veins, then it’s time to buy the blue light therapy pen for varicose veins now. Experts have described the blue light therapy pen as the best solution for both spider and varicose veins.
Causes of Spider Veins
Blood streams are transported to the heart through a series of one-way valves in our veins. These one-way valves ensure that blood flows in the right direction from the superficial veins to the deeper veins and finally to the heart. The vessel walls are surrounded by muscles that contract in other to pump blood to the heart. Healthy veins have a one-way valve that prevents backflow.
However, when the veins are damaged or there’s a problem with the valves, then the muscles or blood itself can allow blood to pool inside the vein. Once blood pools inside the veins, pressure builds will increase and the vessel walls will weaken. And as a result, the veins will start to bulge and twist. The size of the blood vessel and the extent of swelling will determine if it’s a spider vein or varicose vein. Spider veins usually occur in the legs when the valves inside the veins stop working properly. When they appear on the face, it’s usually a result of tiny blood vessels bursting. The increased pressure and sun damage can cause this phenomenon to occur.
Symptoms of Spider veins
Spider veins and varicose veins are very similar and common types of visible veins. They are different forms of medical conditions called venous insufficiency. Both conditions are a result of weakened and damaged valves in the veins. However, they possess different symptoms.
Spider veins are small thin lines that may be flat or slightly raised. They can appear, blue, red, or purple. They are usually painless most of the time, but they can cause some level of discomfort if left untreated. They usually occur in the leg veins, sometimes in the chest, facial or hand veins. The name spider web comes from their marble-like or thread-like look.
Who is likely to get Spider Veins?
Practically anyone can get spider veins, but it is more predominant in women than men. The following are different factors that contribute to the development of spider veins:
- Pregnancy: Pregnant women are prone to spider veins due to the high pressure on the leg veins caused by increased blood moving through their body in addition to the extra weight of the fetus. Spider veins in pregnant women may sometimes disappear after giving birth, but they can become permanent too.
- Genetics: Family history also plays a great role in spider veins occurrence. Up to 90% of people with spider veins have a history of spider veins in their family.
- Gender: Spider veins tend to occur more frequently in women than men.
- Bodyweight: Being overweight adds more pressure on the leg veins. Hence, increasing the possibility of spider veins.
- Age: As we age, the valves in our veins tend to get weaker. Even the calf muscles that support the leg veins and enable them to pump blood upwards, will start to lose their strength.
- Hormones: Hormonal treatments like birth control pills and menopause treatments increase the risk of spider veins. The hormone called estrogen can weaken vein valves.
- Standing for long periods: Leg veins usually work harder in other to pump blood upwards to the heart, especially when you remain in the same position for extended periods.
- Sun damage: Ultraviolet light rays from the sun can result in damaged skin, broken blood vessels, or spider veins, especially on the face.
What are the possible treatments for Spider Veins?
There are different treatment procedures for spider veins. Let’s take a look at the different treatment options available:
1. Compression stockings or socks
This is regarded by many as the simplest form of treatment for spider veins. It involves wearing a pair of supportive stockings called compression stockings or socks. The compression stockings place pressure on the leg veins. This pressure will help improve the blood flow from the legs to the heart. Thus, preventing further spider veins. Compression stockings also help in relieving the pain and discomfort in the legs.
2. Sclerotherapy and closure system
Sclerotherapy is a treatment procedure for spider veins that involves injecting an irritant directly into the affected vein. The vein walls become irritated and stick together causing blood to stop flowing into the area. This procedure will cause the vein to shrink, become fibrotic, and eventually disappears. A high degree of technical skill and special training is required to carry out this procedure.
The closure system is very similar to Sclerotherapy, it involves investing a substance into the affected veins, which closes the vein off from blood flow. After which the spider vein begins to fade, and will disappear with time. The following are healthcare professionals that can carry out the Sclerotherapy and closure system:
- Plastic surgeon
- Cosmetic surgeon
- Vein specialist
- Trained nurses
3. Laser and Light therapy
This treatment procedure destroys tiny spider veins with heat. The heat causes scar tissues to be formed inside the vein, which eventually closes off the vein. Patients who desire a less evasive method of treatment tend to find this procedure appealing.
4. Endovenous laser therapy (EVLT)
Endovenous laser therapy is a new procedure for the treatment of both spider vein and varicose vein. In this procedure, the healthcare professional makes a small incision in the affected vein and then inserts a laser fibre. The inserted laser fibre delivers pulses of laser light, which causes the vein to collapse.