How do you fix varicose veins?
Varicose veins can be described as twisted and enlarged veins. They are those bulging lines of dark blue or purple views popping up on your legs. They can cause some severe pain or can just be a cosmetic nuisance. Any vein that is located close to the skin's surface (superficial) can become varicosed. The varicose vein is common around the legs due to the increased pressure in our lower body caused by frequent standing and walking.
Are you suffering from varicose veins or spider veins (a mild variation of the varicose vein) and you’ve been searching for a solution that does not involve surgery? Then you’ve landed at the right place to get your solution. There are treatment procedures and self-care measures you could employ to help close or remove varicose veins. And in this article, we’ll be going over these procedures and measure you could use to fix varicose veins.
What are Varicose Veins?
Varicose veins are those large and swollen veins that often appear on the legs and feet. This type of vein is developed when the valves in the veins do not work properly, and the blood flowing through them is no longer effective.
Varicose veins rarely require any form of treatment. However, if the swelling, aching, and painful sensation in the legs become more severe, then proper treatment is to be carried out.
There are various forms of treatment for the varicose veins, which also include some self-care measures you could do at home. Varicose veins may sometimes just be a cosmetic nuisance, but in some severe cases, a varicose vein may rupture, or develop into a varicose ulcer on the skin.
What are the causes of Varicose veins?
Varicose veins usually occur when the walls of your veins and valves are weakened or damaged. Veins in our bodies help to transport blood from our bodies back to the heart. To return the blood to the heart, the veins located in our legs most work against gravity. In other to achieve this, the veins make use of their elastic walls and muscle contractions in the lower leg to pump blood back to the heart.
There are tiny valves present in the veins that open up as blood flows to the heart, then close up, to stop any backflow of blood. If these veins are damaged or in a weakened state, then a backward flow of blood may occur. This backward flow can cause the veins to stretch or twist. And as the vein stretches, sluggish blood backs up or pools in your veins, causing them to swell, bulge, and twist further. The vein walls and valves can become damaged or weakened for several reasons which include:
- The aging process
- Excess weight
- Restrictive clothing
- Pressure from inside the vein due to standing for long periods.
Symptoms of Varicose veins
The most recognizable indication of varicose veins is a gnarled, purple, or blue vein just under the surface of your skin. The following are possible symptoms of varicose veins:
- Bulging veins: These are twisted, swollen, or enlarged, rope-like veins. They may be blue or dark purple, and are usually lumpy, or twisted in appearance. They are often located just below the surface of the skin in the lower part of the body (legs, ankle, and feet). They can also develop in clusters.
- Heavy legs: The muscles in your legs may start to feel tired, sluggish, or heavy, especially after any physical activity.
- Pain: You may start to feel some painful, achy, or sore sensation in your legs, especially behind your knees. Muscles cramps may also occur.
- Itching: Varicose veins are usually accompanied by itching around the area it’s located.
- Swelling: Possible swelling and throb may occur around your legs, ankle, or feet.
- Skin discoloration and ulcers: If you fail to treat the varicose veins, it can over time cause discoloration on your skin. Also, some severe cases of varicose veins can result in venous ulcers (sores) on your skin.
What are the possible treatments for Varicose veins?
Technically, there isn’t a cure for varicose veins (i.e., it can’t be cured in the medical sense). The treatments available help to reduce their appearance, and relieve the discomfort. The following procedures can be used to treat varicose veins:
- Elevation: In other to increase the blood flow in the lower part of your body and to decrease the pressure in your veins, elevate your legs above your waist several times throughout the day.
- Laser therapy: The laser therapy does not involve any cuts or needles. In laser therapy, a strong burst of light is sent into the veins which makes them slowly fade and disappear.
- Elastic stockings: Supportive stockings or socks are used to compress the veins and reduce discomfort. The compression helps boost the blood flow.
- Injection therapy (sclerotherapy): This procedure involves a healthcare provider injecting a solution into the veins. The injected solution causes the vein walls to stick together.
- Vein surgery: This involves some procedures called ligation and stripping, where the surgeon ties off the affected vein to stop your blood from pooling. Then the surgeon removes the vein to prevent any further reappearance of varicose veins.
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How to prevent Varicose veins?
There are some home remedies and lifestyle changes you could employ to prevent the occurrence of varicose veins in your body. These remedies could also be used to treat existing varicose veins.
- Exercise: Exercise like walking is good to boost blood flow in the legs. Try to stay active and avoid sitting still for too long.
- Avoid salt: Low-salt diet is recommended to prevent swelling caused by water retention.
- Manage your weight: Get rid of excess weight from your body to reduce the pressure in your blood vessels.
- Select proper footwear: When selecting footwear, avoid high heels. Stick with low-heeled shoes, which are much better for your veins.
- Quit tobacco: As we’ve indicated earlier, tobacco use increases the risk of varicose veins. Hence, quit smoking because it damages your blood vessels and reduces blood flow.
- Elevate your legs: Raise your feet above your waist frequently to help with the blood flow to your heart.
- Avoid standing for long periods: Do not stand for prolonged periods, always change your position frequently to allow blood flow.