What happens if varicose veins are left untreated?

Every human being has veins in their body and the veins are responsible for transporting deoxygenated blood from other parts of the body to the heart. The veins are never a cause to worry except they become swollen, twisted, and bulge under the skin’s surface. Those kinds of veins are referred to as varicose veins.

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins that can be found around the feet or legs—they are visible to the naked eye thanks to their discoloured or gnarled appearance. Varicose veins appear when the valves in the veins are unable or fail to prevent the blood in the veins from flowing backwards causing the veins to grow bigger due to the blood pooling in the veins instead of flowing towards the heart.

To many persons, varicose veins are nothing more than an aesthetic nuisance. Is that concept true? The answer is yes and no. Varicose veins are indeed unsightly (they are not appealing to the eyes), however, they are much more than a cosmetic problem and can cause serious health problems if left untreated.

Varicose veins can cause serious health problems if left untreated but how bad can they really get? To find out more about the harmful effects of untreated varicose veins, you’ll have to keep reading.

What happens if varicose veins are left untreated?

First of all, varicose veins aren’t considered a serious medical condition and the reason for that is that no two cases are the same. For some, the varicose veins will only remain unsightly and uncomfortable without causing any serious health problem while for others, if the blood continues to pool in the veins, it could result in one of the following conditions.

·       Blood clots

When the blood clots in your veins, it causes the blood flow to become stagnant which causes your blood to clot in the inadequate vein. The blood clots can also travel to other areas of your body and block the flow of blood in those areas resulting in serious medical problems.

·       Pain and discomfort in the legs

Varicose veins cause the veins to increase in size and when the blood tries to travel through the damaged blood vessels (swollen veins), it can result in leg pain. Asides from leg pain, your feet or legs could also swell, feel warm, start to burn and feel heavy.

·       Leg swelling

Varicose veins occur when blood pressure in the veins increases. As the vein pressure continues to build up, the blood could leak into your body’s surrounding tissues which causes swelling. When that happens, your skin tightens and becomes more malleable to the touch. You may also experience extreme pains in your legs.

At first, the swelling looks mild but if left untreated, it’ll continue to swell till it becomes severe. At that point, your skin starts to leak and ooze liquid from your legs. Your skin may become hard and discoloured.

·       Bleeding

Swelling veins are usually inflamed and as such, they are frequently pressed against your skin and that in turn makes them vulnerable to cuts. That’s why people with varicose veins tend to bleed seriously from minor injuries.

The above conditions may seem dangerous but they are still far from the worst-case scenarios when it concerns leaving varicose veins untreated.

Varicose veins can cause even more advanced health problems such as:

·       Hyperpigmentation

When varicose veins are left untreated, it results in excess blood leaking into the tissues of the leg. When that happens the patient often experiences painful swelling and inflammation as part of their skin become discoloured or dark. When the skin becomes coloured it results in a condition known as hyperpigmentation.

·       Lipodermosclerosis

When the tissues of the legs are inflamed for a long time (without being treated), the tissues do not only become heavy, they also get firm. When that happens the person might feel their legs increase in tenderness making it more difficult for them to relax or move.

·       Venous leg ulcer

Varicose veins when left untreated can result in a condition known as Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)—which is the improper functioning of the valves in the veins found in the leg causing skin changes and swelling. With time, CVI can result in a condition known as venous leg ulcer.

A venous leg ulcer is a condition where an area of the skin breaks down and reveals the flesh hidden underneath. Venous leg ulcer if left untreated has been known to get larger with time, causing more irritation and discomfort in the legs as it continues to grow.

·       Superficial thrombophlebitis

Superficial thrombophlebitis is a condition where the veins just beneath the skin's surface become inflamed. The inflamed veins are a result of decreased blood flow and weakened veins. Patients suffering from this condition may experience increasing tenderness of the vein, swelling of the legs, continuous pain, or redness of the skin.

·       Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is regarded as the most severe condition related to varicose veins. DVT causes a pulling sensation in the legs, which is a result of blood clotting. Patients suffering from DVT may feel as though their nerves are being pinched coupled with swelling in the legs and increased redness. The condition becomes life-threatening if the blood clots happen to continually travel up the body.

Conclusion

Although varicose veins are not considered or seen as a serious medical condition, they can become severe if left untreated. So you don’t have to wait for the condition to degenerate or become serious.

When it comes to treating varicose veins, the correct treatment usually depends on the severity of the case. In some severe cases, the damaged vein may be removed using different treatment methods such as microphlebectomy, endovenouslaser ablation, or sclerotherapy.

If you start noticing signs or symptoms of varicose veins, you can start treating them using light therapy. Light therapy is one of the safest and easiest ways to quickly get rid of varicose. You can start treating varicose veins right away if you buy the blue light therapy pen for varicose veins now.


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